The Big Square is the main square in Palmanova, heart of the city live that is located in the exact center of the fortress. Built by Venetians in the 17th century; it was called Parade Ground because in there the Superintendent of the Republic of Venice gathered the garrisons of military drills. Hexagonal in shape, it has a six-sides Istrian stone base throughout, from which stands a flagpole – commonly called the banner, symbol of the fortress itself.
The most important historical Venetian palaces look out over the square including the Dogal Cathedral, the Palace of the General Superintendent, the Grand Guard’s Lodge, the Palace of Pawn Shop and the Palace of the Governor of Arms. They are examples of severe and austere military architecture.
From the square, you can also have an interesting view of urban planning: six radial roads intersecting perfectly with the ring streets while along its perimeter you can see eleven statues representing some of the general superintendences of the fortress.